Pengaruh Leader Humor Terhadap Job Crafting Dimediasi Oleh Perception Of Organizational Support Dan Work Engagement Pada Pegawai Sekretariat DPRD Provinsi Riau


  • Sri Wahyuni Zanra STIE Mahaputra Riau



leader humor leadership, Perception Of Organizational Support, Work engagement Job Crafting


The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of Humor Leadership on Job Crafting mediated by Organizational Support and Work engagement of DPRD Secretariat Employees of Riau Province. The population in this study were all employees at the Riau Provincial DPRD Secretariat with a sample of 67 respondents. Data collection techniques using questionnaires and dissemination using Google Forms. The data analysis technique in this study was Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using SmartPLS 3.0 as a data processing tool. The results of this study indicate that humorous leadership has a positive and significant effect on Perception Of Organizational Support, Work engagement and Job Crafting at the DPRD Riau Province Secretariat, Perception Of Organizational Support and Work engagement has a positive and significant effect on Job Crafting at the DPRD Riau Province Secretariat. The results of the study also show that Perception Of Organizational Support and Work engagement are able to mediate the relationship between leader humor and Job Crafting at the Secretariat of DPRD Riau Province.


Abdillah, M. R. (2021). Leader humor and Knowledge Sharing Behavior: The Role of Leader-Member Exchange. Jurnal Manajemen, 25(1), 76-91.

Arendt, L. A. (2009). Transformational leadership and follower creativity: the moderating effect of leader humor. Rev. Bus. Res. 9, 100–106.

Bakker, A. B., Tims, M., and Derks, D. (2012). Proactive personality and job performance: The role of Job Crafting and Work engagement . Hum. Relat. 65, 1359–1378. doi: 10.1177/0018726712453471

Berg, J. M., Dutton, J. E., and Wrzesniewski, A. (2013). “Job Crafting and meaningful work,†in Purpose and meaning in the workplace, eds. B. J. Dik, Z. S. Byrne, and M. F. Steger, (Washington: American Psychological Association), 81–104. doi: 10.1037/14183-005

Bindl, U. K., Hardin, K., Gibson, C. B., and Stride, C. B. (2018). Job Crafting revisited: Implications of an extended framework for active changes at work. J. Appl. Psychol. 104, 605–628. doi: 10.1037/apl0000362

Bipp, T., and Demerouti, E. (2015). Which employees craft their jobs and how? Basic dimensions of personality and employees’ Job Crafting behaviour. J. Occupat. Organizat. Psychol. 88, 631–655. doi: 10.1111/joop.12089

Bitterly, T. B., and Schweitzer, M. E. (2019). The impression management benefits of humorous self-disclosures: how humor influences perceptions of veracity. Organizat. Behav. Hum. Decis. Proc. 151, 73–89. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2019.01.005

Braun, S., and Nieberle, K. W. A. M. (2017). Authentic leadership extends beyond work: A multilevel model of work-family conflict and enrichment. Leadersh. Q. 28, 780–797. doi: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2017.04.003

Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. J. Cross Cult. Psychol. 1, 185–216. doi: 10.1177/135910457000100301

Caesens, G., Stinglhamber, F., and Luypaert, G. (2014). The impact of Work engagement and workaholism on well-being-the role of work-related social support. Career Develop. Int. 19, 813–835. doi: 10.1108/cdi-09-2013-0114

Christian, M. S., Garza, A. S., and Slaughter, J. E. (2011). Work engagement : A quantitative review and test of its relations with task and contextual performance. Person. Psychol. 64, 89–136. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.2010.01203.x

Chao Ni, Ying Wang, (2015) The Impact of Perceived Organizational Support and Core Self-Evaluation on Employee’s Psychological Well-Being (Dampak Organisasi yang Dirasakan Dukungan dan Evaluasi Diri Inti aktif Kesejahteraan Psikologis Karyawan) Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Psikologis Karyawan) Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, 2015, 3, 73-81 Published Online June 2015 in SciRes.

Cooper, C. (2008). Elucidating the bonds of workplace humor: A relational process model. Hum. Relat. 61, 1087–1115. doi: 10.1177/0018726708094861

Cooper, C. D., Kong, D. T., & Crossley, C. D. (2018). Leader humor as an interpersonal resource: Integrating three theoretical perspectives. Academy of Management Journal, 61(2), 769-796.

Cooper, C. D., Kong, D. T., and Crossley, C. D. (2018). Leader humor as an interpersonal resource:Intergrating three theoretical perspective. Acad. Manag. J. 61, 769–796. doi: 10.5465/amj.2014.0358

Costantini, A., Demerouti, E., Ceschi, A., and Sartori, R. (2019). Evidence on the hierarchical, multidimensional nature of behavioural Job Crafting . Appl. Psychol. 0, 1–31. doi: 10.1111/apps.12232

Daniella Stephani, Jimmy Ellya Kurniawan (2018) Hubungan antara Job Crafting dan Work engagement pada Karyawan Psychopreneur Journal, 2018, 2(1): 30-40 ISSN 2598 - 649X cetak / ISSN 2598 - 6503 online

Decker, W. H., and Rotondo, D. M. (2001). Relationships among gender, type of humor, and perceived leader effectiveness. J. Manag. Issues 13, 450–465.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., and Gevers, J. M. P. (2015). Job Crafting and extra-role behavior: the role of Work engagement and flourishing. J. Vocat. Behav. 91, 87–96. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2015.09.001

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., and Schaufeli, W. B. (2001). The job demands-resources model of burnout. J. Appl. Psychol. 86, 499–512. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.86.3.499

Den Hartog, D. N., and Belschak, F. D. (2012). Work engagement and machiavellianism in the ethical leadership process. J. Bus. Ethics 107, 35–47. doi: 10.1007/s10551-012-1296-4

Desti Ranihusna, Unzilla Ainun Ulfab, Nury Ariani Wulansari (2022) Healthcare personel's performance: The role of Job Crafting and Work engagement (Kinerja tenaga kesehatan: Peran kerajinan pekerjaan dan keterlibatan kerja) Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Journal homepage: ISSN 1979-6471 E-ISSN 2528-0147

Devi Rosyana Putri, Zulkarnain, Abdhy Aulia Adnans (2020) The effect of Job Crafting on Work engagement with perceived organizational support as moderator in bank Sumut head officeInternational Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Growth Evaluation ISSN: 2582-7138 Received: 05-12-2020; Accepted: 10-01-2021 Volume 2; Issue 1; January-February 2021; Page No. 170-177

Duncan, W. J. (1982). Humor in management: Prospects for administrative practice and research. Acad. Manag. Rev. 7, 136–142. doi: 10.5465/amr.1982.4285511

Eisenberger, R., and Stinglhamber, F. (2011). Perceived Organizational Support: Fostering Enthusiastic and Productive Employees. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S. O., and Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived Organisational Support. J. Appl. Psychol. 71, 500–507.

Flanagan, J. C. (1954). The critical incident technique. Psychol. Bull. 51, 327–358.

Franklin M. Lartey (2022) Using EENDEED to Measure Remote Employee Engagement: Influence of the Sense of Belonging at Work and the Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) on Virtual Employee Engagement, Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, 2022, 10, 203-222 ISSN Online: 2328-4870 ISSN Print: 2328-4862

Grandita Satira Claudiantya dan Fendy Suhariadi (2020) Pengaruh perceived organizational support terhadap employee engagement Jurnal Fenomena, Vol. 29 No. 2 (2020), hal. 32-37 ISSN: 2622-8947 DOI: 10.30996/fn.v29i2.4752 Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya

Gkorezis, P., Petridou, E., & Xanthiakos, P. (2014). Leader positive humor and organizational cynicism: LMX as a mediator. Leadership & Organization Development Journal.

Gordon, H. J., Demerouti, E., Le Blanc, P. M., Bakker, A. B., Bipp, T., and Verhagen, M. A. M. T. (2018). Individual job redesign: Job Crafting interventions in healthcare. J. Vocat. Behav. 104, 98–114. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2017.07.002

Gremler, D. D. (2015). “The Critical Incident Technique,†in Wiley Encyclopedia of Management, eds Edn, eds C. L. Cooper, N. Lee, and A. M. Farrell, (New Jersey: Wiley). doi: 10.1002/9781118785317.weom090062

Halbesleben, J. R. B., Neveu, J. P., Paustian-Underdahl, S. C., and Westman, M. (2014). Getting to the “CORâ€: Understanding the role of resources in conservation of resources theory. J. Manag. 40, 1334–1364. doi: 10.1177/0149206314527130

Hallberg, U. E., and Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). â€Same Same†but different? But Can Work engagement be discriminated from job involvement and organizational commitment? J. Europ. Psychol. 11, 119–127. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040.11.2.119

Hayes, A. F. (2013). An Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach. New York: Guilford Press.

Hetland, J., Hetland, H., Bakker, A. B., and Demerouti, E. (2018). Daily transformational leadership and employee Job Crafting : The role of promotion focus. Eur. Manag. J. 36, 746–756. doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2018.01.002

Huang, L., Gino, F., and Galinsky, A. D. (2015). The highest form of intelligence: sarcasm increases creativity for both expressers and recipients. Organ. Behav. Human Decision Process. 131, 162–177. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2015.07.001

Hughes, L. W., and Avey, J. B. (2009). Transforming with levity: humor, leadership, and follower attitudes. Lead. Organ. Dev. J. 30, 540–562. doi: 10.1108/01437730910981926

Ju, D., Huang, M., Liu, D., Qin, X., Hu, Q., and Chen, C. (2019). Supervisory consequences of abusive supervision: an investigation of sense of power, managerial self-efficacy, and task-oriented leadership behavior. Organizat. Behav. Hum. Decis. Proc. 154, 80–95. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2019.09.003

Jana Roze (2010) Humor As Indirect Influence Management Tool, Ainavas iela 49, Jaunsils, Ķekava, Latvia,LV-2123

Juntong Xu (2020) The Review of Humorous Leader Open Journal of Business and Management, 2020, 8, 542-551 ISSN Online: 2329-3292 ISSN Print: 2329-3284

Kahn, W. A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Acad. Manag. J. 33, 692–724. doi: 10.5465/256287

Kailiang Dai, Xinyu Qin (2016) Perceived Organizational Support and Employee Engagement: Based on the Research of Organizational Identification and Organizational Justice Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2016, 4, 46-57 ISSN Online: 2327-5960 ISSN Print: 2327-5952

Kong, D. T., Cooper, C. D., and Sosik, J. J. (2019). The state of research on leader humor. Organ. Psychol. Rev. 9, 3–40. doi: 10.1177/2041386619846948

Kurtessis, J. N., Eisenberger, R., Ford, M. T., Buffardi, L. C., Stewart, K. A., and Adis, C. (2017). Perceived Organizational Support A Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Organizational Support Theory. J. Manag. 43, 1854–1884. doi: 10.1177/0149206315575554

Li, N., Chiaburu, D. S., Kirkman, B. L., and Xie, Z. (2013). Spotlight on the followers: An examination of moderators of relationships between transformational leadership and subordinates’ citizenship and taking charge. Person. Psychol. 66, 225–260. doi: 10.1111/peps.12014

Liang, L. H., Lian, H., Brown, D. J., Ferris, D. L., Hanig, S., and Keeping, L. M. (2016). Why are abusive supervisors abusive? A dual-system self-control model. Acad. Manag. J. 59, 1385–1406. doi: 10.5465/amj.2014.0651

Lichtenthaler, P. W., and Fischbach, A. (2019). A meta-analysis on promotion- and prevention-focused Job Crafting . Eur. J. Work Organizat. Psychol. 28(1), 30–50. doi: 10.1080/1359432x.2018.1527767

Little, T. D., Cunningham, W. A., Shahar, G., and Widaman, K. F. (2002). To parcel or not to parcel: exploring the question, weighing the merits. Struct. Equ. Model. 9, 151–173. doi: 10.1207/S15328007SEM0902_1

Nilan Miranda1, W. R. P. K. Fernando (2020) The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices of the Managers on Perceived Organizational Performance—A Study on Ceylon Fisheries Corporation in Sri Lanka., Open Access Library Journal 2020, Volume 7, e7034 ISSN Online: 2333-9721 ISSN Print: 2333-9705

May, D., Gilson, R., and Harter, L. (2004). The psychological conditions of meaningfulness, safety and availability and the engagement of the human spirit at work. J. Occup. Organ. Psychol. 77, 11–37. doi: 10.1348/096317904322915892

Mazzetti, G., Robledo, E., Vignoli, M., Topa, G., Guglielmi, D., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2021). Work engagement : A meta-Analysis Using the Job Demands-Resources Model. Psychological Reports, 00332941211051988.

McGraw, A. P., and Warren, C. (2010). Benign violations: Making immoral behavior funny. Psychol. Sci. 21, 1141–1149. doi: 10.1177/0956797610376073

Mesmer-magnus, J., Glew, D. J., and Viswesvaran, C. (2012). A meta-analysis of positive humor in the workplace. J. Manag. Psychol. 27, 155–190. doi: 10.1108/02683941211199554

Muthén, L. K., and Muthén, B. O. (2010). MplusUser’s guide, 6th Edn. California: Los Angeles.

Muhammad Sulaiman, Mohamed A. Ragheb, Mohamed Wahba (2019) Perceived Organization Support Role in Creating an Innovative Work Behavior, Open Access Library Journal 2019, Volume 6, e5372 ISSN Online: 2333-9721 ISSN Print: 2333-9705

Pundt, A., and Venz, L. (2017). Personal need for structure as a boundary condition for humor in leadership. J. Organizat. Behav. 38, 87–107. doi: 10.1002/job.2112

Ryota Nomura, Shunichi Maruno (2011), Constructing a Coactivation Model for Explaining Humor Elicitation Psychology 2011. Vol.2, No.5, 477-485 Copyright © 2011 SciRes.

Salanova, M., and Schaufeli, W. B. (2008). A cross-national study of Work engagement as a mediator between job resources and proactive behaviour. Int. J. Hum. Resour. Manag. 19, 116–131. doi: 10.1080/09585190701763982

Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B., and van Rhenen, W. (2009). How changes in job demands and resources predict burnout, Work engagement , and sickness absenteeism. J. Organizat. Behav. 30, 893–917. doi: 10.1002/job.595

Tan, L., Wang, Y., Qian, W., & Lu, H. (2020). Leader humor and employee Job Crafting : the role of employee-perceived organizational support and Work engagement . Frontiers in Psychology, 2592.

Tri Setia Yulivianto (2019) Job Crafting Dan Persepsi Dukungan Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Melalui Keterikatan Kerja Jurnal Ilmu Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., and Derks, D. (2012). Development and validation of the Job Crafting scale. J. Vocat. Behav. 80, 173–186. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2011.05.009

Tims, M., Derks, D., and Bakker, A. B. (2016). Job Crafting and its relationships with person-job fit and meaningfulness: A three-wave study. J. Vocat. Behav. 92, 44–53. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2015.11.007

Wang, H.-J., Demerouti, E., and Le Blanc, P. (2017). Transformational leadership, adaptability, and Job Crafting : The moderating role of organizational identification. J. Vocat. Behav. 100, 185–195. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2017.03.009

Wang, L., Restubog, S., Shao, B., Lu, V., and Van Kleef, G. A. (2018). Does anger expression help or harm leader effectiveness? The role of competence-based versus integrity-based violations and abusive supervision. Acad. Manag. J. 61, 1050–1072. doi: 10.5465/amj.2015.0460

Zhang, J., & Su, W. (2020). Linking leader humor to employee innovative behavior: the roles of Work